Yesterday the FDIC announced that the formula for how they assess deposit insurance would be changed for large banks (those with $10 billion of assets or more). Below is the notice with the links to the summary and the full document. While this rule makes changes for "large banks" eventually this methodology will trickle down and become practice for smaller banks too.
Each bank, no matter the size, will need an objective, defensible methodology for analyzing, grading and stratifying their loan portfolio. They will also need the ability to stress test the portfolio beyond the typical raising or lowering of interest rates. Probable loss modeling will become the norm as bankers and examiners look deeper for risks in the portfolio. It will be important for bankers to have this information updated regularly based on current estimates of value of the assets backing the loans.
It is no longer simply how much the bank has on deposit that determines the banks deposit premium, it is centered on the risk the bank is to the bank insurance fund - how likely will the FDIC have to pay out to cover deposits. The loan portfolio that the bank is creating and servicing is where the risks are, which must be fully analyzed, using an objective, defensible method.
As you read this notice of what the regulators are going to start requiring from banks, you will realize that the questions will get tougher and the answers more complex. We are happy to help provide strategies and solutions to some of the tough questions banks will face.
Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
On April 13, 2010, the FDIC Board of Directors (Board) adopted a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPR or proposal) and request for comment that would revise the assessment system applicable to all large insured depository institutions. The NPR would: (1) eliminate risk categories and the use of long-term debt issuer ratings in calculating risk-based assessments for large institutions; (2) use two scorecards -one for most large institutions and another for large institutions that are structurally and operationally complex or that pose unique challenges and risks in the event of failure (highly complex institutions)-to calculate the assessment rates for all large institutions; (3) allow the FDIC to take additional information into account to make limited adjustments to the scores; and (4) use the scorecard to determine the assessment rate for each institution.
The NPR would also alter assessment rates applicable to all insured depository institutions to ensure that the revenue collected under the new assessment system would approximately equal that collected under the existing assessment system and ensure that the lowest rate applicable to small and large institutions would be the same.
On September 29, 2009, the Board adopted a uniform increase in assessment rates effective January 1, 2011. As a result of the Board's earlier action, assessment rates in effect on January 1, 2011, will uniformly increase by 3 basis points.
FOR MORE INFORMATION:
In less time than you take for a lunch break Silverback Portfolio Analytics can show you how to, analyze your loan portfolio with real-time asset valuations, use objective loan grading, provide stratification analysis, probable loss modeling and stress test simulations.
The full summary: http://www.fdic.gov/news/news/financial/2010/fil10014.html
The full text of the proposed rule: http://www.fdic.gov/news/board/april06.pdf